Hair transplant is a process or technique that is practiced to move hair follicles to a bald scalp. The part of the human head that contains the hair is known as donor site while the bald scalp part is called the recipient site. Hair transplantation is commonly done to males who have male pattern baldness; however it can also be done for eyebrows, chest hairs and beard hairs. The doctors use microsurgical tools such as micro blade to create slits where the transplanted hair is inserted. There are two ways to transplant or harvest hair follicles, the follicular unit extraction, and the strip surgery. The process of hair transplant is known as Follicular Unit Transplantation.
Hair transplantation is one of the permanent solution for hair loss. Get online medical consultation if you are planning to get a hair transplant surgery. You can also find details on best hair transplant cost in Bangalore, this will help you compare cost of different clinics and choose the best one for your hair transplant procedure.
Hair transplantation technique has very a minimal risk especially when conducted by an experienced doctor; apparently there can be small complications depending on the skills of the physician and the method used. There are low risks such that the restored hair may not grow due to damaged or dry grafts during transplantation, but then it can take a whole year for the hair to start growing. There could also be another complication known as shock loss during hair restoration, and this is an event whereby the surrounding hair would be traumatized during the surgery. Shock loss is temporally and in most cases the hair grows back within a short period. Smokers are also advised to cut on smoking a month or so before the surgery takes place. Infections are prevented by antibiotics which are prescribed to the clients after and before hair restoration.
Hair harvesting is done to a patient who is under injection of local anesthesia and sedation which last for mostly six hours, the scalp is the treated with antibacterial. Sedation is done to reduce irritability by use of drugs such as Midazolam, Fentanyl among others. Local anesthesia is administered to a patient to contribute to reducing pain during the surgery by use of medicine such as Anesthetics. It keeps the patients unconscious during the whole process of surgery, sleepy and blocks pain.
The donor grafts are extracted either through Strip surgery or Follicular unit extraction,(FUE). Hair transplant is done with just one day but the growth of hair is time-consuming, and it might take a whole year for the root to grow, and this is determined by the method used for the transplantation. The Strip surgery is believed to be more efficient than the FUE method; this technique uses a macro blade cut hairs by removing a narrow and thin strip; the skin will then be dissected, and the hair follicles will then be removed and be prepared for the insertion. This method of surgery is easy and faster, and the surgeon can harvest more hairs without consuming a lot of time. This process leaves a ‘pencil thin’ scar at the donors site. The wounds are healed within two weeks, and it requires a doctor to remove the stitches.
Follicular Unit Extraction Restoration is where individual follicular units of about for hair are removed typically using tiny punches. The doctor manually uses hands with the aid of micro blades removes the hair, and this requires more attention to avoid the damaging of the grafts. Follicular Unit Extraction is slow and takes a lot of time unless the bald area or the amount of hair required for the surgery is less. The insertion method of the hair is similar though surgeons have different techniques. In FUE only individual follicles are extracted so this requires seven days to recover from the surgery since only small scars are left and no post-surgical pain.
Hair transplant success rate is very high since there is very minimal risk in the process. One of the concerns while deciding to do hair transplant is whether it will be a success or will it fail. Whether the client will get the presumed bald pattern or the looks they expect or basically if the restored hair will grow. There is a very low rate or percentage of failed cases in this section, though in a few weeks the transplanted hair may shed off, it is not permanent since the roots remain in the scalp and grows normally and cannot be termed as failures. Advancements, research and a lot of studies has been conducted in the field of hair transplantation hence the low risk.
Robert True in an article at truedorin on April 22, 2013, states that, regarding numbers the success rate of hair restoration either in Strip surgery or FUE is extremely high. He further adds that successful follicles transplant rate is between 98% to 100%, and a rate of follicles damage is 1 or 2%. The most important and critical part of hair transplant is while choosing the surgeon. Experienced doctors will bring about the desired hair Patten and that one cannot spot the difference between the hairs.
Adequate donor site or supply is also paramount; this determines successful hair transplant since if the client does not have enough donor supply to fill the required bald scalp, then the surgery will be a fail. Experienced surgeons will advise the amount of donor’s hair that is required. However, the doctors redistribute the available donor supply. Hair transplant works, and it’s a success the researchers are every day improving it hence minimizing the risk involved during the surgery. According to research on the hair transplant, it is a successful practice.